NDA Findings 6

Ageing, well-being and development: A comparative study of Brazil and South Africa
Armando Barrientos, University of Manchester

Finding Synopsis

The study examines the well-being, livelihoods and social inclusion of older people in Brazil and South Africa with a view to throwing light on the linkages existing between ageing, well-being and development in developing countries.

The research focuses on the dynamics of well- being among lower-income households with older people in the two countries, and on the impact of social policies reaching older people. It provides a comparative study over time and across countries.

The main findings from the study are that, on average, levels of well-being experienced by older people in South Africa and Brazil have improved over time. Pension income, especially non-contributory pension income, remains essential to the well-being, livelihoods and economic inclusion of older people in the two countries. The upward trend in well-being levels among older people nets out important changes at the household level over time. Between 2002 and 2008, some households exited poverty while others fell into poverty.

Armando Barrientos, University of Manchester, UK
Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, University of East Anglia, UK
João Saboia, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Valerie Møller, Rhodes University, South Africa
Julia Mase, University of Manchester, UK
Astrid Walker-Bourne, HelpAge International, UK

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